Sebastian Schneegans, Philipp Vorst, and Andreas Zell

Using RFID Snapshots for Mobile Robot Self-Localization

Proceedings of the 3rd European Conference on Mobile Robots (ECMR 2007), Freiburg, Germany, September 19-21, 2007, pp. 241-246


Abstract

In recent years, radio frequency identification (RFID) has found its way into the field of mobile robot navigation. On the one hand, the technology promises to contribute solutions to common problems in self-localization and mapping such as the data association problem. On the other hand, questions like how to cope with poor or even missing range and bearing information remain open. In this paper, we present a novel method which tackles these challenges: Inspired by vision-based self-localization approaches, it utilizes RFID snapshots for the estimation of the robot pose. Our experiments show that the new technique enables a robot to successfully localize itself in an indoor environment. The accuracy is comparable to the one of a previous approach using an explicit model of detection probabilities. Our method, however, requires fewer iterations of the underlying particle filter in order to converge to the approximate robot pose.


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BibTeX

@INPROCEEDINGS{schneegans2007rfid-snapshots,
  author    = {Sebastian Schneegans and Philipp Vorst and Andreas Zell},
  title     = {Using {RFID} Snapshots for Mobile Robot Self-Localization},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of the 3rd European Conference on Mobile Robots (ECMR 2007)},
  year      = {2007},
  pages     = {241--246},
  address   = {Freiburg, Germany},
  month     = {September 19-21},
  keywords  = {RFID, mobile robot, self-localization, particle filter},
  url       = {http://www.ra.cs.uni-tuebingen.de/publikationen/2007/schneegans07ecmr.pdf}
}